Chikkamagalur is a town located in the Indian state of Karnataka in the Deccan plateau in the foothills of the Western Ghats. It is situated at an elevation of 1,090 metres (3,580 ft) above the sea level in the foothills of the Mullayanagiri range. The town has a favourable climate and coffee estates which attracts tourists from all around the world. Chikmagalur generally has a moderate to cool climate. The temperature varies from 11-20°C during winter and 25-32°C during summer. Chikkamagaluru takes its name from the Kannada Cikkamagaḷa ūru that translates to "younger daughter's town". It is said to have been given as a dowry to the youngest daughter of Rukmangada, the legendary chief of Sakkarepattana.
Coffee was first introduced and grown in India by Baba Budan who brought the coffee seeds from Yemen to the hills of Chikmagalur in 1670. Since then coffee plantations have become established in this region, extending till Kodagu district of Karnataka. Thus Chikmagalur is the birthplace of coffee in India, where the seed was first sown about 350 years ago. Coffee is cultivated in Chikmagalur District in an area of around 85,465 hectares with Arabica being the dominant variety grown in upper hills and Robusta being the major variety in the low level hills. There are around 15000 coffee growers in this district and the average production is 55,000 MT of which 35,000 MT is Arabica and 20,000 MT is Robusta. The average productivity per hectare is 810 kg for Arabica and 1110 kg of Robusta, which are higher than the national average.